Theories, therapies & strategies

Theories, therapies and strategies

At Bendigo Psychology your treatment is designed around your specific circumstances and needs. We prefer to use treatments that have some evidence-base. That means, we like to stay in touch with up to date research so the science can tell us what techniques work best for which people.

Having knowledge of the evidence is just one part of the process. The clinicians at Bendigo Psychology also pay attention to our relationship with you. Through this relationship, we can begin to understand which techniques are going to “fit” you. So, once getting to know you, your clinician will draw from a range of theories, therapies and strategies designed to best assist you.

Some of the theories we draw on include:

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is based upon the idea that what we think or say to ourselves affects how we feel and what we do. Therapy is focused on identifying the self talk associated with a certain problem and learning ways to alter or modify our thinking.

These days, there is much evidence to support the use of CBT for depression, anxiety and a range of other mental health and behavioural concerns.

With recent research, CBT has evolved to include other types of thinking-based therapies like Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Schema Therapy, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) and Mindfulness.


Behaviour Therapy and Applied Behaviour Analysis

Behaviour Therapy is also known as Applied Behaviour Analysis or Behaviour Intervention. It largely works on the idea that a person’s past behaviour is often a good predictor of their future behaviour.

By learning more about a person’s behaviour, what happens before they behave that way and what happens after, we can look for patterns and start to think about what may be sustaining it.

Intervention is then focused on setting up healthier, more pro-social patterns of behaviour. Behaviour Therapy is often utilised for naughty children, classrooms, or for people who cannot tell you much about their behaviour or who may not benefit from talking therapies.


Interpersonal Skills Training

Skills training involves learning new skills. Skills training is often used in conjunction with other therapies.

Following assessment, it may be clear that someone needs skills to solve their problems, stand up for themselves, get along with people, calm down, relax or manage their feelings.



Our brain is what makes us a unique “self”. Throughout our lives, it takes in information from our senses, organizes it, remembers it, and makes decisions about how to act. But for some people, the brain doesn’t work the way it should. Genetic makeup, neurological illness, or a sudden injury such as a car accident or stroke can affect the way that people process information, experience emotions, and understand the world around them.
Neuropsychology offers a way of understanding the connections between brain functioning, thinking skills (cognition) and our emotions and behaviour.

Neuropsychological rehabilitation can help to:

  • Establish goals for recovery after an injury or illness
  • Focus on ways to develop or improve specific cognitive abilities
  • Identify strategies to compensate for areas of weakness, and to maximise areas of strength
  • Address the emotional impact of the injury or illness
  • Develop environmental and behavioural supports for people with severe impairment

Adults who may benefit from neuropsychological services include those recovering from a brain injury or stroke, those with a neurological illness (e.g. epilepsy or multiple sclerosis), those experiencing cognitive problems associated with aging, adults with learning difficulties, and those experiencing chronic mental illness (e.g. schizophrenia) or substance abuse problems.